(Specialist Orthopaedic Surgeon)

Types of Bone Fractures

There are various types of fractures that depend on the patterns, severity, and type of bones. In fractured bones, reparation is also different depending on these factors. The two main classifications of fractures are complete and incomplete fractures. A complete fracture involves a break in the bone with a clear separation between the broken ends. This includes open fractures that show exposed bone in an injured part of a limb or body. An incomplete fracture (also called greenstick) is cracks and bends in bones that aren’t completely broken.

In general, here are five common types of bone fractures:

1. Stable fracture

Stable fractures are, as the name implies, stable. They occur when an injury causes the bone to break clean. Often, this means there is little or no movement of the broken ends. These types of breaks usually don’t require surgery and can be treated with a cast or splint followed by physical therapy to help regain strength and improve function.

2. Comminuted fracture

A comminuted fracture is a bone broken into more than two pieces. Usually, part of the bone will have shattered into several fragments. A comminuted fracture requires special treatment. The pieces of bone must be put back together to allow the bone to heal. If the pieces are not reduced, or put back in place, they will not heal correctly. To accomplish this, it is necessary to use some form of internal fixation to hold the pieces together while they heal.

3. Compound fracture

A compound fracture is a break in the skin and bone. Compound fractures are often caused by high-energy trauma, such as a car crash or a fall from a height. The appearance of a compound fracture can vary widely depending on the injury, but there are some universal traits that set them apart from other types of fractures. These include an open skin wound, bleeding, and bone protruding from the wound.

4. Transverse fracture

A transverse fracture is a type of break that happens in a straight line across the bone. It can affect any bone in the body and may result from a sudden accident or injury, such as a fall or car accident, or from repetitive stress over time. This type of break is relatively stable, meaning that it is unlikely to cause any further damage because the pieces are lined up correctly. A transverse fracture can also be called a horizontal fracture.

5. Spiral fracture

A spiral fracture is a kind of fracture where the bone has broken and twisted around itself. The twisting is usually caused by a direct blow to the bone or when a person falls on their arm or leg with their weight twisted. A spiral fracture may be caused by direct or indirect force. A person may also suffer this fracture if they fall on an outstretched arm, with their hand planted on the ground and their palm facing up. Spiral fractures can damage the periosteum, the vascular layer that surrounds the bone.

Final words

These are five common types of bone fractures. If you have fractured your bone, consult a specialist fracture treatment doctor in Kolkata. If you’re dealing with other orthopedic, consult the right specialist; for osteoporosis, reach out to the best osteoporosis surgeon.