(Specialist Orthopaedic Surgeon)

Types of Arthritis

What are the various types of arthritis?

Arthritis encompasses several conditions characterized by joint pain as a primary symptom. Arthritis can be of many different types. When an individual is diagnosed with “arthritis,” it typically indicates they have one of the following diseases:

1. Osteoarthritis
2. Rheumatoid arthritis
3. Gout and pseudo-gout
4. Ankylosing spondylitis
5. Septic arthritis
6. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
7. Still’s disease

Types of arthritis

Additionally, joint pain can serve as a symptom of other diseases, where arthritis is considered secondary. These include conditions such as:

– Psoriasis (Psoriatic arthritis)
– Reactive arthritis
– Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
– Haemochromatosis
– Hepatitis
– Lyme disease
– Sjogren’s disease
– Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
– Inflammatory bowel disease (including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis)
– Henoch-Schönlein purpura
– Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D with recurrent fever
– Sarcoidosis
– Whipple’s disease
– TNF receptor-associated periodic syndrome
– Wegener’s granulomatosis (and various other vasculitis syndromes)
– Familial Mediterranean fever
– Systemic lupus erythematosus
– Post Traumatic Arthritis

Undifferentiated arthritis refers to a type that does not fit into well-known clinical disease categories, possibly representing an early stage of a definite rheumatic disease.

Can arthritis result from injury?

Permanent damage to joint cartilage and ligaments due to injury can lead to post-traumatic osteoarthritis, causing joint failure over time. Early treatment if joint injuries aim to minimize this damage.

Can an individual have more than one type of arthritis?

Generally, individuals tend to experience only one type of arthritis. Nevertheless, in prolonged cases, there is a potential progression towards secondary osteoarthritis. On occasion, a unique scenario arises where the simultaneous presence of two types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis and gout, may manifest.

How is arthritis diagnosed, and what are the treatment options?

Despite thorough investigations, identifying the precise type of arthritis can be challenging. Subsequently, treatment initiates based on the doctor’s clinical judgment and supportive investigations, with modifications made according to the patient’s response. Although arthritis lacks a permanent cure, a diverse array of treatments exists, encompassing anti-inflammatory medications, physiotherapy, exercises, and the application of hot or cold compresses for joint relief.

In the event of a diagnosis of secondary arthritis, treatment aims to address the underlying condition. Notably, in certain cases, healthcare professionals may recommend injections directly into the affected joint as part of the therapeutic approach.

Some major joints like hip, knee, shoulder and elbow, when severely damaged, can be replaced with artificial components with help of replacement surgeries (also called arthroplasty).

What are Knee and Hip Replacements?

Knee Replacement is a surgical procedure performed in severe osteoarthritic knees to alleviate pain and restore function. Similarly, Hip Replacement is undertaken in cases of hip fractures or damage to restore hip function and manage pain.

Dr. Manoj Kumar Khemani has more than 15 years experience in diagnosing and treating various forms of arthritis. You can contact him using this contact form.