Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints. This can cause sudden and severe pain, swelling, and redness in the affected joint, often in the big toe.
Gout can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes (such as a healthy diet and weight management) or surgery.
When is surgery required?
Surgery for gout is usually not necessary, as it can often be managed with medication and lifestyle changes.
However, in some cases, surgery may be recommended if a joint has sustained significant damage due to gout or if there are tophi (small lumps of uric acid crystals) that need to be removed.
Types of gout surgery
There are three types of gout surgeries: tophi removal, joint fusion, and joint replacement.
- Tophi removal involves the surgical removal of tophi, which are small lumps of uric acid crystals that can form under the skin.
- Joint fusion is a procedure in which bones in the joint are fused together to provide stability and reduce pain.
- Joint replacement involves removing the damaged joint. It is replaced with an artificial one.
All of these surgeries are typically performed by an orthopedic surgeon using minimally invasive techniques. These techniques can include arthroscopy, which is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that uses a small camera and instruments to access and treat the joint.
If you are considering gout surgery, it is important to consult with a qualified orthopedic surgeon who can provide you with the best gout treatment in Kolkata or the top arthroscopy treatment in Kolkata.
With proper care and treatment, you can manage your symptoms and maintain a good quality of life.
Tips to manage gout pain
Here are some of the effective ways to manage your gout pain:
- Stay hydrated and avoid sugary drinks
- Maintain a healthy weight and exercise regularly
- Eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables to support overall health and reduce inflammation
- Apply ice to the affected joint to reduce pain
- Rest and elevate the affected joint to reduce pressure and discomfort
- Wear comfortable, supportive shoes and avoid high heels or tight shoes
- Use a cane or crutch to take pressure off the affected joint while walking
- Reduce stress through relaxation techniques such as meditation or deep breathing exercises
If you need more information, consult an orthopedic doctor.