There are many orthopedic conditions; some are more common. To ensure you and your loved ones are in good orthopedic health, it’s a good idea to learn more about these conditions. Here are six common orthopedic disorders you should know about:
Arthritis is a term that describes any inflammation of the joints. It is a joint disorder that causes pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints. There are many types of arthritis including rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and fibromyalgia. The type you have depends on your joint and its location.
Osteoarthritis is a progressive disease that causes inflammation and joint deterioration. It is the most common form of arthritis and affects both adults and children. The main symptoms include pain in the joints, stiffness, swelling, and loss of mobility in the affected joints. The pain associated with osteoarthritis is usually worse with certain movements or at night. With time, it tends to become more constant and more severe than before.
3. Lower back pain
Lower back pain is common among adults. Lower back pain can be caused by a number of factors including muscle strain, nerve damage, and fractured bones. Lower back pain can be treated with medications and physical therapy. In some cases, lower back surgery may be required to correct problems with the discs in your spine.
4. Rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the joints. The cause of this condition is unknown, but it typically affects women more than men. The most common symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include swelling, stiffness, and pain in the joints. Joints can become swollen and stiff with this disease, which causes deformity in the affected area. The most severe form of rheumatoid arthritis causes damage to the cartilage and bone at the ends of bones, leading to joint deformity.
5. Ligament Tears
Ligament tears are a common orthopedic disorder that occurs when the ligaments that hold a bone together have stretched out over time. This can lead to pain and swelling in a joint or muscles surrounding it. A fibrous band, ligament connects two bones together. Tears in these bands are common in lower extremities such as the ankle, knee, or hip. Ligaments are often torn when someone falls on their outstretched hand or foot without landing properly on their toes or heels; however, ligaments can also tear if someone twists their foot or ankle sharply while walking.
Osteoporosis is a degenerative condition characterized by the gradual loss of bone tissue and the development of fragile bones. Osteoporosis is prevalent in elderly women and men who have low calcium intake or who are on long-term corticosteroid medications. The primary cause of osteoporosis is a decrease in bone mass, which occurs when there is a decrease in the number of new bone cells that form in response to growth hormones.
Consult a specialist
If you’re noticing the symptoms of any of these disorders in yourself or your loved ones, reach out to the best orthopedic doctor in Kolkata for consultation and diagnosis. Or, for instance, if your parent has RA, seek the best rheumatoid arthritis treatment Kolkata from specialists. Early intervention can prevent the symptoms from worsening and ensure a healthier life for the person in question.