Types of Hip Replacement: A Quick Guide
The hip joint is one of the most important joints in your body, and it’s also one that can cause you a whole lot of pain.
Hip replacement is a surgical procedure that involves replacing the damaged parts of your hip with artificial ones. It’s also called an arthroplasty. Hip replacement can help people who have severe arthritis and wear-and-tear on their hips. It may also be used to treat other conditions, such as (i) fractures in the bone above or below your hip; (ii) damage to the cartilage around your hip joint; (iii) a painful hip fracture.
There are three types of hip replacement surgeries: Total hip replacement, partial hip replacement, and hip resurfacing.
Total Hip Replacement
The total hip replacement is a surgical procedure that replaces both the head and neck of the femur with artificial components. The procedure is also known as THA or total hip arthroplasty.
The anatomy of the hip joint makes it particularly vulnerable to dislocation and fracture. The head of the femur can slip out of its socket, which can lead to pain and instability in the lower body. The head of the femur also has a large surface area, which means it can wear down over time due to friction with other bone fragments.
Total hip replacement repairs these problems by replacing worn-out surfaces with new ones made from metal or plastic material. The new surface usually has smoother contours than those that were worn away by wear and tear, which reduces friction and prevents further damage to surrounding bones while they heal.
Partial hip replacement
Partial hip replacement is an option for people who have severe arthritis in their hips and need better mobility. It’s a type of joint replacement surgery that replaces only the damaged portion of your hip joint.
For this procedure, a surgeon removes some of the damaged bone and cartilage from your hip socket, then replaces them with artificial material. This can reduce pain and help improve function by making it easier to move around.
With a partial hip replacement, surgeons usually replace the ball-and-socket portion of your hip joint with metal or ceramic pieces that are designed to fit best into the existing socket. The goal is to restore a normal range of motion and provide relief from pain caused by conditions like arthritis.
Hip resurfacing is a common orthopedic procedure that can be performed to relieve arthritis and decrease hip pain. It involves removing a small piece of bone from the top of your hip joint (cremation), which is then reshaped into a more natural shape.
The purpose of hip resurfacing surgery is to reshape the head of your thigh bone (femur) so it fits better within your pelvis. This reduces the amount of stress placed on your hip joint, making it less likely to get injured. In addition, it helps prevent arthritis in the future by reducing inflammation in your joints and reducing pain.
Need more information?
Get in touch with the best hip replacement surgeon to learn more about the procedure. If you’re noticing symptoms in your hips that may require surgical intervention, consult a doctor first. Connect with a bone specialist doctor in Kolkata for a thorough diagnosis. Based on their assessment, they can let you know whether or not you need hip replacement surgery.