How Hip Replacement Surgery is Done? (And Its Postoperative Care)
Hip replacement surgery is typically recommended for people who have severe hip pain and limited mobility due to hip damage or arthritis.
The surgery involves replacing the damaged hip joint with an artificial joint, or prosthesis. This can reduce pain and improve a person’s ability to move and perform daily activities.
In some cases, hip replacement surgery may be necessary to improve a person’s quality of life and ability to function independently.
The step-by-step process
Hip replacement surgery is a major surgical procedure that involves removing the damaged or diseased hip joint and replacing it with an artificial joint, or prosthesis.
The surgery is typically done under general anesthesia, which means the patient will be unconscious and pain-free during the procedure.
Here are the broader steps:
- The patient is given general anesthesia and positioned on their back on the operating table.
- The surgeon makes an incision over the hip, typically on the side or front of the hip.
- The damaged or diseased joint is carefully removed, and the surgeon shapes the bone to prepare it for the new joint.
- The new joint, or prosthesis, is put in place. The prosthesis typically consists of a metal or ceramic ball that fits into a metal or ceramic socket.
- The surgeon may use special tools to position the new joint and make sure it is properly aligned.
- The incision is closed.
- The patient is moved to a recovery room to recover from the anesthesia and to monitor their vital signs.
The entire procedure typically takes one to two hours, depending on the individual case. After the surgery, the patient will need to stay in the hospital for several days to recover and receive pain medication and physical therapy.
Full recovery from hip replacement surgery can take several weeks or even months, and the patient will need to follow a specific rehabilitation program to regain strength and mobility.
Post-operative care for hip replacement
After hip replacement surgery, patients will need to follow a specific rehabilitation program to help them recover and regain strength and mobility. This may include physical therapy, exercises, and other activities to help the patient regain movement and function in the hip.
In the first few days after surgery, the patient will be encouraged to move their legs and feet to improve blood flow and prevent blood clots. The physical therapist may also provide gentle range-of-motion exercises and other activities to help the patient begin to move their new joint.
As the patient recovers and their pain decreases, they will be able to do more advanced exercises and activities to help them regain strength and mobility. This may include activities such as walking, climbing stairs, and doing leg exercises. The physical therapist will work with the patient to develop a personalized rehabilitation plan that meets their individual needs and goals.
In addition to physical therapy, the patient may also need to take pain medication and other medications to help with their recovery. The surgeon will provide specific instructions on how to care for the surgical site and how to manage any pain or discomfort. It is important for the patient to follow these instructions closely and to notify the surgeon or their healthcare provider if they have any concerns.
Overall, the aftercare for hip replacement surgery is focused on helping the patient recover and regain function in their new joint. The rehabilitation process can be challenging, but with dedication and hard work, most patients are able to make a full recovery and return to their normal activities.
Hip replacement surgery is often the last resort when other treatment options have failed. If you’re experiencing hip pain or discomfort, get in touch with the best orthopedic surgeon in Kolkata. They will assess your condition, make a thorough diagnosis and conclude whether surgery is right for you or if some other treatment options will do.
If you have any questions about the surgery itself, talk to the best hip replacement surgeon in Kolkata. They will be able to provide you with more insights based on your individual case.