Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: All You Need to Know
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a disorder of the median nerve in your wrist that causes pain, numbness, and weakness in the hand. The carpal tunnel is a small space where the median nerve and tendons of several muscles meet. When this occurs, it may cause tingling, weakness, or pain in your hand and fingers.
Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment is largely influenced by how severe your symptoms are. This is why it’s important to seek early intervention before the condition deteriorates, which may end up requiring surgery. Consult the best bone doctor in Kolkata.
Causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
The exact cause of carpal tunnel syndrome has not been found. However, a combination of factors appears to be involved. This includes repetitive movements with the hands such as typing, and forearm movements.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by compression of the median nerve as it passes through the carpal tunnel in the wrist. The repetitive movements of a job, sports activity, driving or other activities that require the use and motion of the hands can be frequent enough to cause the symptoms. Acute cases can also be caused by soft tissue swelling or injury.
Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome come on slowly over a period of months. These symptoms include pain, weakness, tingling, and numbness in the thumb, index finger, long finger, or middle finger. The discomfort comes from pressure on the median nerve as it passes through a narrow tunnel (carpal tunnel) at the wrist.
The discomfort may first occur when you use your hands repeatedly. For example, you may have trouble typing or playing on a computer. Carpal tunnel syndrome can also be caused by arthritis in the wrist joint or repetitive injury to the wrist from work or sports activities.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Treatment
Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment will depend on how severely you’re affected. Sometimes mild symptoms can be treated with simple measures, such as splints to keep your wrists straight when you sleep or during activities like driving or using a computer mouse. Your doctor may also recommend exercises to strengthen the muscles in your hand and wrist and improve your ability to keep your wrist straight for long periods of time.
Treatment for more severe symptoms may involve medications injected into the area around the nerve, physical therapy exercises. Your doctor may even recommend surgery to relieve pressure on the nerve.
- Medication. A doctor may prescribe medicine to ease pain or help you sleep better. Always consult your doctor and take their advice seriously before taking any over-the-counter drugs or herbal remedies.
- Physical therapy. This may include exercises or stretching to relieve pain and strengthen the muscles in your hand and fingers. Your physical therapist may also recommend splinting your hand at night to keep it from bending while you sleep. Splints correct poor posture, but they don’t relieve pressure on the median nerve.
- Surgery (carpal tunnel release). When nonsurgical treatments aren’t effective, surgery may be recommended to ease symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome by cutting through the carpal ligaments (bands of tissue) that are squeezing the median nerve.
If you’re noticing symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome, seek immediate help. Visit the best bone doctor in Kolkata.
Dr. Manoj Kumar Khemani is one of the leading orthopedic surgeons, belting more than a decade of experience. He specializes in a wide range of bone and joint-related problems. From being the best doctor for knee pain in Kolkata to playing a go-to for people with fractures, Dr. Manoj Kumar Khemani has wider specialization and extensive experience. Book your appointment today.