Total Hip Replacement (THR)
Our hip joint consists of a ball and a socket. The contact surface is covered with a rubber like material called cartilage. The joint also consists of a lubricating fluid called synovial fluid.
In hip joint arthritis due to various reasons the cartilage of the joint is destroyed. The joint surface thus becomes rough and it causes pain during walking. With further damage to the cartilage, the bones become uneven and the joint can cause pain even at rest.
Total Hip Replacement (THR) is only considered when all conservative treatments have been tried and, yet you continue to have significant pain, stiffness, or problems with the function of your hip.
In this procedure the damaged surface of the socket is replaced with a high-tech artificial socket with a highly cross-linked poly liner. The damaged ball is replaced with a metal or ceramic ball which is fixed with the femur bone through a stem (see fig.)
The artificial joint thus created realigns the joint and functions like a normal joint. The pain is relieved and leg length can be restored. Walking becomes much easier.
Hip replacement was first done in 1960’s. Since then there has been great technological advances in this field.
Total hip replacement is one of the most successful surgeries in the whole world!
A well fitted hip prosthesis can last for many years. However, just like a normal hip joint it also wears with age. In young patients due to higher level of activity there is a possibility that they may require revision surgery later on. In older patients the prosthesis is expected to last for lifetime.
If proper treatment is done at right time it’s possible to delay surgery for many years.
Don’t ignore hip pain. Visit your doctor today.
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Dr. Manoj Kumar Khemani has over 10 years’ experience in hip and knee surgery. Book an appointment today.